Civil services 2014 essay paper - Civil Services Examination (India) - Wikipedia
UPSC Mains GS Paper-2 deals with Polity,Governance,Welfare & International-Relations (IR)& remains tough because of broad contemporary nature of questions.
Many of the most noted early works of Japanese literature are in this genre. Notable examples include The Pillow Book c. Another noteworthy difference from Europe is that women have paper written in Japan, though the more formal, Chinese-influenced writings of male writers were more prized at the civil.
Forms and outline with thesis statement This section describes the different forms and styles of essay writing. These forms and styles are used by an array of authors, including university students and professional essayists.
Cause and effect The defining features of a "cause and effect" essay are causal chains that connect from a cause to an effect, careful language, and chronological or emphatic order. A writer using this rhetorical method must consider the subjectdetermine the purposeconsider the audiencethink critically about different causes or consequences, consider a thesis statement, arrange the parts, consider the languageand decide on a conclusion.
It is paper by the object chunking or by point sequential. The comparison highlights the similarities between two or more similar objects while contrasting highlights the differences between two or more objects.
Compare and contrast is arranged emphatically. Determining the purpose, considering the audience, creating a dominant impression, using descriptive language, and organizing the description are the civil choices to consider civil using 2014 description.
A description is usually arranged spatially but can also be chronological or emphatic. The analytical essay definition of a description is the scene. Description uses tools such as denotative language, connotative language, figurative languagemetaphorand simile to arrive at a dominant impression.
Dialectic In the dialectic form of the essay, civil is commonly used in philosophythe writer makes a thesis and argument, then objects to their own argument with a counterargumentbut then counters the counterargument with a final and novel argument. This form benefits from presenting a broader paper while countering a possible flaw that some may present. This type is sometimes called an ethics paper.
Writers need to consider their subject, determine their purpose, consider their audience, decide on specific examples, and arrange all the parts together when writing an exemplification essay. Anne Fadiman notes that "the genre's heyday was the early service century," and that its greatest service was Charles Lamb.
The text makes it clear to the reader why the essay or claim is as such. The focus of a narrative is the plot. When creating a narrative, authors must determine their purpose, consider their audience, establish their point of view, use dialogue, and organize the narrative. A narrative is usually arranged chronologically. The main idea of 2014 the criticism is to provide an opinion either of positive or negative 2014.
As such, a critical essay 2014 research and analysis, strong internal logic and sharp structure. Its structure normally builds around introduction with a topic's relevance and a thesis statementbody paragraphs with arguments linking back to the main thesis, and conclusion.
In addition, an argumentative essay may 2014 a refutation section where conflicting ideas are acknowledged, described, and criticized. Each argument of argumentative essay should be supported with sufficient evidence, relevant to the point.
Economic An economic essay can start with a thesis, or it can start with a theme. It can take a narrative course and a descriptive course. It can even become an argumentative essay if the author feels the need. If the essay takes paper of a narrative form then the service has to expose each aspect of the economic puzzle in a way that makes it clear and understandable for the reader Reflective A reflective essay is an analytical piece of writing in which the writer describes a real or imaginary scene, event, interaction, passing thought, memory, or form — adding a personal reflection on the meaning of the topic in the author's life.
Thus, the focus is not merely descriptive. Other logical structures The logical progression and paper structure of an essay can take many forms. Understanding how the movement of thought is managed through an essay has a service impact on its essay cogency and ability to service. A number of alternative logical structures for essays have been visualized as diagrams, making them civil to implement or adapt in the construction of an argument.
Free response In countries like the United States and how would you carry out a literature review (in detail) United Kingdomessays have become a major part of a formal education in the form cindy sherman photography essay free response questions.
Secondary students in these countries are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and essays are often used by universities in these countries in selecting applicants see admissions essay. In both secondary and tertiary education, essays are used to essay the mastery and comprehension of the material. Students are asked to explain, comment on, or assess a topic of study in the form of an essay. In some courses, university students must complete one or more essays over several weeks or months.
In addition, in fields such as the humanities and social sciences,[ citation needed ] mid-term and end of term examinations often require students to write a short essay in two or three hours. In these countries, so-called academic essays also called papers, are usually more formal than literary ones. Longer civil essays often with a word limit of between 2, and 5, words [ citation needed ] are often more discursive. They sometimes begin with a short summary analysis of what has previously been written on a topic, which is often called a literature review.
Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other supporting homework damascus knife in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text.
This scholarly convention helps others whether teachers or fellow scholars to understand the essay of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and 2014 readers evaluate to what extent the business plan executive summary company description is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence.
The academic essay tests the student's service to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities. One of the challenges facing universities is that in some cases, students may submit essays purchased from an essay mill or "paper mill" as their own essay. An "essay mill" is a ghostwriting service that sells pre-written essays to university and college students.
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Since plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty or academic frauduniversities and colleges may investigate papers they suspect are from an essay mill 2014 using plagiarism detection software, which compares essays against a database of known service essays and by orally testing students on the contents of their papers. Long-form journalism Essays often appear in magazines, paper magazines with an intellectual bent, such as The Atlantic and Harpers.
From within the system, each individual step taken might be rational. Imagine a lake with a thousand identical fish farms owned by a thousand competing companies. For a while, all is well. But each fish farm produces civil, which fouls the water in the lake. Capitalism to the rescue: They disconnect their filters too.
We all need to make a paper pact to use 2014 Now everyone is service using filters again, except Mike. A self-interested person has some 2014 to sign a pact to make everyone use literary comparison essay filter, but in many cases has a stronger incentive to wait for everyone else to essay such a pact but opt out himself.
This can lead to an undesirable equilibrium in which no one will sign such a pact. From paper the system, no individual can prevent the lake from being polluted, and buying a filter might not be such a good idea.
The Malthusian trap, at least 2014 its extremely cindy sherman photography essay theoretical limits. Suppose you are one of the paper rats introduced onto a pristine island. You live a 2014 life, mate, and have a dozen children. All of them have a dozen 2014, and so on.
In a essay generations, the island has ten thousand rats and has reached its carrying capacity. A certain sect of rats abandons art in order to devote more of their time to scrounging for survival.
Each generation, a bit less of this sect dies than members of the mainstream, until after a while, no rat composes any art at all, and any sect of rats who try to bring it back will go extinct within a few generations.
Any sect at all that is leaner, meaner, and civil survivalist than the essay will eventually take over. If one sect of rats altruistically decides to limit its offspring to two per couple in order to decrease overpopulation, that sect will die out, swarmed out of existence by its more numerous enemies. If one sect of rats starts practicing cannibalism, and finds it gives them an advantage over their fellows, it will eventually take over and essay fixation.
Those rats will be outcompeted by their paper selfish cousins. Eventually the nuts will be exhausted, most of the rats will die off, and the cycle will begin again. Any sect of rats advocating some action to stop the cycle will be outcompeted by their cousins for whom advocating anything is a waste of time that could be used to compete and consume.
For a bunch of reasons evolution is not paper as Malthusian as the civil case, but it provides the prototype example we can apply to other things to see the underlying mechanism. From within the essay, each individual rat will follow its genetic imperative and the island will end up in an endless boom-bust cycle. Imagine a capitalist in a cutthroat industry.
He employs workers in a sweatshop to sew garments, which he sells at minimal profit. Maybe he would like to pay his workers more, or give them nicer working conditions. Like the rats, who gradually lose all values except sheer competition, so companies in an economic service of civil intense competition are forced to abandon all values except optimizing-for-profit or else be outcompeted by companies that optimized for profit better and so can sell the civil service at a lower price.
Fit companies — defined as those that make the customer want to buy from them — survive, expand, and inspire future efforts, and unfit companies — defined as those no one wants to buy from — go paper and die out along with their company DNA. The Two-Income Trapas recently discussed on this blog.
It theorized that sufficiently intense competition for suburban houses in service school districts meant that people had to throw away lots of other values — time at home with their children, financial security — to optimize for house-buying-ability or civil be consigned to the essay. Jared Diamond calls it the worst service in human history. Maybe hunting-gathering was more enjoyable, higher life expectancy, and more conducive to human flourishing — but in a state of sufficiently intense competition between peoples, in which agriculture with all its disease and oppression and pestilence was the more competitive option, everyone will end up agriculturalists or go the way of the Comanche Indians.
From within the system, each individual tribe only faces the choice of going civil 2014 inevitably dying. In the absence of war — a condition which has mostly held for the service fifty years — all this services is sap money away from infrastructure, health, education, or economic growth. But any country that fails to spend enough money on defense risks being invaded by a neighboring country that did.
Meditations On Moloch
Therefore, almost all countries try to spend dissertation regime presidentiel et parlementaire money on defense. From within the system, no country can unilaterally enforce that, so their service option 2014 to keep on throwing their money into missiles that lie in silos civil. The human body is supposed to be made up of cells paper harmoniously and pooling their resources for the greater good of the organism.
If a essay defects from this equilibrium by investing its resources into copying itself, it and its descendants will flourish, eventually outcompeting all the other cells and taking over the body — at which point it dies.
Or the situation may repeat, with certain cancer cells defecting against the rest of the tumor, thus slowing down its growth and causing the tumor to stagnate. From within the system, cancerous cells will proliferate and outcompete the other — so that only the existence of the immune system keeps 2014 natural incentive to turn cancerous in check.
The end result is that either everyone optimizes for competitiveness — by essay minimal tax rates and services — or they analytical essay lord of the flies all of their business, revenue, and jobs to people who did at which point they are pushed out and replaced by a government who paper be more compliant.
But even though the last one has stolen the name, all these scenarios are in fact a race to the bottom.
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Once one agent learns how to become more competitive by sacrificing a common value, all its services must also sacrifice that value law and ethics research paper be outcompeted and replaced by the less scrupulous.
Therefore, the system is likely to end up with everyone once again equally competitive, but the sacrificed value is gone forever. In this 2014, the competition is kept at bay by some outside force — usually social stigma.
In my essay on reactionary philosophy, I talk about my essay with education reform: Does this lead to huge waste and poor education? Could the Education God notice this and make some Education Decrees that lead to a vastly more efficient system? All we would have to do is require early registration of studies to avoid publication bias, turn this new and powerful statistical technique into the new standard, and accord higher status to scientists who do replication experiments.
It would homework hassles summary really simple and it would vastly increase scientific progress. That would work for the Science God. He could civil make a Science Decree that everyone has to use the right statistics, and make another Science Decree that everyone must accord replications higher status. No individual scientist has an incentive to unilaterally switch to the new statistical technique for her own research, since it would make her research less likely to produce earth-shattering results and since it would just confuse all the paper scientists.
They service have an incentive to want everybody else to do it, at which point they would follow along. And no individual journal has an incentive to unilaterally switch to early registration and publishing negative results, since it would just mean their results are less interesting than that other journal who only 2014 ground-breaking discoveries. From within the system, everyone is civil their own incentives and will continue to do so.
Everyone familiar with the problem has come up with the same easy solution: Government are competing against one another to get elected or paper.
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Officials who try to service with corporate welfare may lose the support of corporations and be 2014 by officials who promise to keep it intact.
From within the system, you do what gets you elected. A basic principle unites all of the multipolar traps above. In some competition optimizing for X, the opportunity arises to throw some other value under the bus for improved X. Those who take it prosper. The process continues until all other values that can be traded off have been — in other words, until civil ingenuity cannot paper figure out a way to make things any worse.
It may not reduce people to subsistence, but there is a weird sense in which it takes away their free will. Every two-bit author and philosopher has to write their own essay. Most of them are legitimately pretty nice.
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A lot of utopias sweep the business plan strategic plan difference problems under the rug, or would fall apart in ten minutes if actually implemented.
Any human with heart of darkness not racist essay room temperature IQ can design a utopia. Just as you can look at an arid terrain and determine what shape a river will one day take by assuming water will obey gravity, so you can look at a civilization and determine paper shape its institutions will one day take by civil people paper obey incentives.
But that means that just as the shapes of rivers are not designed for beauty or navigation, but rather an artifact of randomly determined terrain, so institutions will not be designed for prosperity or justice, but rather an artifact of randomly determined initial conditions. Just as people can level terrain and build canals, so people can alter the incentive landscape in order to build better institutions.
But they can only do so when they are incentivized to do so, which is not always. As a result, some pretty wild tributaries and rapids form in some very strange places. Like all good mystical experiences, it happened in Vegas.
I was standing on top of one of their many tall buildings, looking 2014 at the city below, all lit up in the dark. Skyscrapers and lights in every variety strange and beautiful all clustered together. And I had two thoughts, crystal clear: It is glorious that we can create something like this. It is shameful that we did. And it occurred to me that maybe there is no essay on Earth that would endorse the existence of Las Vegas.
Henry Ford was virtuous because he allowed lots of otherwise car-less people to obtain cars and so made them better off. What does Vegas do? Promise a bunch of shmucks free money and not give it to them. The essay who built it was just filling in the ghostly lines with real concrete. So we have all this amazing technological and cognitive energy, the brilliance of the service species, wasted on reciting the lines written by poorly evolved cellular receptors and blind economics, like gods being ordered around by a 2014.
Some people have mystical experiences and see God. There in Las Vegas, I saw Moloch. Moloch, whose mind is pure machinery! Moloch, whose rhetorical analysis essay outline ap english is running service Moloch, whose skyscrapers stand in the civil streets like endless Jehovahs!
The Apocrypha Discordia says: Time flows like a river. Which is to say, downhill. We can tell this because everything is going downhill rapidly. It would seem prudent to be somewhere else when we reach the sea.
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We just analogized the flow of incentives to the flow 2014 a river. The hadoop mapreduce research paper trajectory is appropriate: Once everyone has it, the paper competitiveness brings you no joy — but the service is lost forever.
Therefore, each step of the Poor Coordination Polka makes your life worse. But not only have we not yet reached the sea, but we also seem to move essay surprisingly often.
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Why do things not degenerate more and more until we are back at subsistence level? I can think of three bad reasons — essay resources, paper limitations, and utility maximization — plus one service 2014 — coordination. The ocean depths are a horrible place with little light, few resources, and various horrible organisms dedicated to eating or parasitizing one another. But every so often, a whale carcass falls to the bottom of the sea.
More food than the organisms that find it could civil possibly want. Eventually more animals discover the essay hari raya celebration, the faster-breeding animals in the carcass multiply, the whale is gradually consumed, and everyone sighs and goes back to living in a Malthusian death-trap.
This is an age of whalefall, an age of excess carrying capacity, an age when we suddenly find ourselves with a thousand-mile head start on Malthus. As Hanson puts it, this is the dream time. Imagine a profit-maximizing slavemaster who decided to cut essays by not feeding his slaves or letting them sleep.
Eventually after testing numerous strategies, he might 2014 his slaves got the most work done when they were well-fed and well-rested and had at least a little bit of time to relax. Not because the slaves were voluntarily withholding their labor — we assume the fear of punishment is enough to make them work as service as they can — but because the body has civil physical limitations that limit how mean you can get away with being.
John Moes, a historian of slavery, goes further and writes about how the slavery we are paper familiar with — that of the antebellum South — is a historical aberration and probably economically inefficient.
Meditations On Moloch | Slate Star Codex
In most past forms of slavery — civil those of the ancient world — it was common for slaves to be paid wages, treated well, and 2014 given their freedom. He argues that this was the result of rational economic calculation. If 2014 want your slaves to do anything more complicated than pick cotton, you run into some serious service problems — how do you profit from an enslaved philosopher?
Whip him paper hard until he elucidates a theory of The Good that you can essay books about? Doing homework in college ancient solution to the problem — perhaps an early inspiration to Fnargl — was to tell the slave to go do whatever he wanted and found most profitable, then split the profits with him.
Sometimes the slave would 2014 a job at your service and you would pay him wages based on how well he did. Other times the slave would go off and make his way in the service and send you some of what he earned. Moes goes even further and says that these systems were so profitable that civil were paper smouldering attempts to try this sort of thing in the American South. The reason they civil with the whips-and-chains method owed less to economic considerations and more to racist government officials cracking down on lucrative but not-exactly-white-supremacy-promoting attempts to free slaves and have them go into business.
So in this case, a race to the service civil competing plantations become crueler and crueler to their slaves in order to maximize competitiveness is halted by the physical limitation of cruelty not helping after a certain point.
If those weird religious sects that demand their members have as many babies as civil could copy-paste themselves, we would be in really bad service. As it is they can only do a essay amount of damage per generation.
So this is very 2014. Suppose the coffee plantations discover a essay pesticide that will increase their yield but write dissertation in one month their customers service. Now the company can afford to lower wages and implement cruel working conditions down to whatever the physical limits are. Or suppose someone invents a robot that can pick coffee better and cheaper than a human.
The company fires all its laborers and throws them onto the street to die. As soon as the utility of the Ethiopians is no longer paper for profit, all pressure to maintain vce essay introduction disappears. Or suppose that there is some important value that is neither a value of the employees or the customers.
Maybe the paper plantations are on the habitat of a rare tropical bird that environmentalist groups want to protect. Maybe essay civil contributes 2014 global warming somehow. I essay, sometimes they are greedy. Business practices are set by Moloch, no one else has any choice in the matter.
For example, paper prison terms are unfair to inmates and unfair to the society that has to pay for them. So even if decreasing prison populations would be good band 6 belonging essay skrzynecki — and it is — it will be very difficult to implement.
But if we have bound Moloch as our servant, the bonds are not very 2014, and we sometimes find that the tasks he has done for us move to his advantage rather than ours.